There are more than 275 cultural and ethnic groups recognised in Australia, and this figure is growing.
For these communities, their specific ethnicity, culture, religion and country of origin can be critical identity markers.
In addition, each community has its own unique composition, depending on the migration history of its members. “The reality with CALD communities is there is diversity within diversity.”
A particular challenge is the isolation of many CALD women, who do not consider themselves part of a specific CALD community or part of the broader Australian society. Rather, they consider themselves individuals or members of families only. This lack of social connection can be exacerbated by factors such as temporary or unresolved visa status and ineligibility for support services. Additional difficulties for women and children experiencing violence in regional and remote areas in Australia, are long distances and limited services and communication technology can create additional complexity.
Acknowledgement: from "Platform for Action", Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Social Services