Culture is never and excuse for violence. Domestic and/or Family violence is not acceptable in any community or culture.
CALD women share many issues and experiences in common with non-CALD Australian women in relation to domestic and family violence and sexual assault
Their experiences can be exacerbated by factors such as not being able to speak English, not understanding Australian systems, having no independent rental history, lower employment rates, lack of transport, and having few friends or family members in Australia who can provide support.
CALD women are less likely to report violence, can experience more barriers in accessing support services, and are less likely to leave a family violence situation than other Australian women, due to following factors:
- Understanding of Australia’s laws, rights and cultural norms, especially by new arrivals
- Familiarity with knowledge of support services
- Availability and accessibility of support services
- Resolving immigration status and eligibility for support services and payments
- Women’s isolation and community participations
- Cultural beliefs and norms about gender and marriage
- Capacity of community and religious leaders
- Standards in interpreting and translating
- Police interventions
- CALD men behaviour change
- Intersectionality of issues for CALD women
There is a need to recognize the diversity of CALD communities when developing programs and supports to reduce violence against women.
Migration, cultural, religious and other issues can influence the ways in which women and children experience and how their communities respond.
Nuanced understanding of CALD communities and their diverse cultural contexts is required, rather than a one size fits all approach.
Acknowledgement: from “Hearing her voice”, by Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Social Services.